The Best Way to Care For Roman Glass Jewelry

You’ve bought a new piece of dazzling Roman glass jewelry, or perhaps you already have a piece you’ve enjoyed wearing for years. Now you want to know what the best way to care for it is. Well, in order to answer that question let’s take a closer look at it.

What is Roman Glass?

This materiel is unmistakably recognized by the luminous colors that can be seen with the naked eye within the glass. Most common are endless shades of aqua, purples, blues, and pinks. This unique type of glass was first created in the first centuries CE, in the Roman Empire, when glass-making techniques were revolutionized by the introduction of glass blowing. The glass now created had a bluish-aqua tint to it and was used mainly for bowls and vessels in all shapes and sizes.

Since glass is made from sand and sand is made up of organic matter, the mineral composites within the sand have an ongoing effect on the color of the glass. The colors that can be seen in Roman glass today are a result of the glass reacting with climactic and geological elements – heat, water, various minerals in the earth – for hundreds of years. All these elements came together and caused many chemical reactions that resulted in brilliant, iridescent, Roman Glass.

Making Roman Glass Jewelry

For almost 2000 years, Roman glass shreds – as well as whole vessels – have been buried underground, creating beautiful colors, waiting to be discovered. In the past 100 years or so, archeologists excavating areas that were under ancient Roman rule – particularly in Israel – have been coming across Roman glass relics. Intact vessels can bee seen in museums around the world, but broken pieces are often transformed into jewelry, made mostly out of gold and silver.

Caring for Roman Glass Jewelry

If you are lucky enough to own a piece of historic-glass-on-a-chain, cufflinks, or a pair of stunning earrings, here are a few very important guidelines to caring for your Jewelry:

  • Do not get the it wet with water. Remove your jewelry before you shower.
  • Definitely do NOT go swimming with the jewelry on
  • Avoid contact between the Jewelry and hairspray and perfume
  • Avoid contact between the jewelry and any type of body lotion or hand cream
  • Try to avoid touching it with your fingers as much as possible.

If you’re asking yourself, “why all the restrictions?,” the answer should now be simple: in order to keep those Roman glass colors shining and glistening for the next 2000 years.

Like we said before, the glass – being made up of organic matter – continues to react with its environment. Just as water, heat, oil, and other elements affected the glass in the past, they may continue to do so in the present. When you need to clean your jewelry, polish the silver or gold with a cloth but try to avoid the glass. The best thing to do is to give the jewel to a specialized …

Women – How To Shatter The Glass Ceiling

Have you unsuccessfully tried to move up in your career? Do you feel that the men in your company get promoted and you're left behind? If this sounds like you, have you considered a nontraditional career? Contemplate a career where less than 25% of the workforce of a specific occupation is comprised of women.

What Jobs are Nontraditional?

Jobs that are nontraditional for women include: architect, carpenter, chemist, taxi driver, and President of the United States. There are over 100 occupations that are considered nontraditional. Just look around, you can probably determine by yourself which jobs are nontraditional.

Why Women Don't Consider

Stereotypes still exist as to what is considered "women's work." These stereotypes are ingrained in our society and are passed along from our parents and continue with our school teachers, and guidance counselors. Little girls rarely get gifts such as a truck, Lincoln logs, or a toy chemist set. Teachers and guidance counselors tend to steer girls into "pink collar" classes and jobs. With little guidance and exposure to ALL of our career options, it's a wonder there are any women in nontraditional careers.

Higher Wages & Higher Need

Many nontraditional jobs pay 20-30% more (and many others higher) than traditional jobs and have better benefits and career advancement opportunities. In many trades, 45-70% of workers 45 and older are expected to leave their occupation by 2008, according to the US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics. These positions will need to be filled. If you're interested in working as a carpenter or welder, take a look at a job in the trades.

What Color is Your Parachute?

Money is often not the only determining factor in finding a satisfying career. A job where you can use your skills and interests is most likely a top priority too. Take a look at your skills and interests; do any of the nontraditional careers fit the bill?


Women that enter nontraditional occupations often face challenges. The first challenge is usually acceptance. Being a trailblazer isn't always easy. You stick out. You don't fit in. Once your male co-workers can see you're serious about your work and that you can do a good job, most will accept you.

Source Article

Non-Traditional Occupations For Women – Cracking the Glass Ceiling at Corporations

The glass ceiling is a term that has come to mean a barrier to women's advancement in the workplace. Believe it or not, this term celebrates its 30th birthday this year! The term was originated by diversity consultant Marilyn Loden in a 1978 presentation to the Women's Action Alliance Conference, to "describe the invisible barriers to advancement that many women managers still face." Thirty years later women are still bumping their heads on the glass ceiling, whether they are trying to rise through the management ranks, or gain a foothold in blue collar professions.

One may argue that Sarah Palin being nominated as the vice presidential candidate on the Republican ticket with John McCain is evidence that the glass ceiling is cracking. But she is the first woman candidate on a national ticket since Geraldine Ferraro was Walter Mondale's vice presidential partner in 1984. There has yet to be a woman on the ballot for the job of President of the United States, although Hillary Clinton made a historic run at the position this year. And though women have not yet attained the highest political post in the United States, they have made some inroads into the top positions in the corporate world.

According to Fortune magazine, the number of women CEOs in the FORTUNE 1000 has increased from 19 in 2005 to 24 in 2008. However, that's still only 2.4% of the top corporate posts being held by women. An extensive study (of 10,000 high ranking executives in nearly 1000 companies) published by researchers from the Tuck School of Business and Loyola University, recognized that the number of women CEOs will not likely significantly increase until at least 2016, based on the number of women Currently in the upper-executive pipeline. The researchers found that in 48% of the largest US firms, there were no women in senior positions, and that women comprised only a token presence in many of the other firms. The researchers project that the percentage of CEO spots held by women will increase from the 2000 level of 1.7% to 4.9% in 2010 and 6.2% in 2016.

If those projections hold, the number of women leading major corporations will still be quite low even in another eight years! So you may be thinking, what does having women in top leadership positions mean and why is it important?

In her book "The Female Advantage," author Sally Helgesen describes the changes in the corporate world as we've moved from an industrial age to a technological age, and states that women are particularly well-suited to the type of corporate hierarchy needed for the fast-moving technological age. She describes this more modern type of hierarchy as a "web of inclusion," as opposed to the older authoritarian top-down chain of command.

Picture a web, with the leader at the center, reaching out to all via this "web of inclusion." In a web hierarchy, the leader can create a more democratic and empowered organization that communicates more quickly and functions more effectively, …