From Sashes to Sandals – Extreme Sophistication in Native Clothing

Ceremonial clothing such as headdresses, mantles, complex twined bags and baskets have been recovered from elite mound burials in Spiro, Oklahoma and a few other items have been found at places such as Etowah but little had been recoverd from village sites until Wickliffe. Evidence comes fabric impressed pottery very clearly depicting techniques used to make twined textiles from a variety of plant fibers including dogbane (hemp); nettle and milkweed. The woody stems are harvested in the fall and inside are fibers that are twisted together to make twine and from there the sky is the limit. The increased number of complex structural trends parallels the increased social complexity deduced from Mississippian settlement configurations.(Penelope Ballad Drooker) Meaning that the more textile construction techniques there are and the more complex they become, it seems to be a reflection of the increasing complexities in everyday life.

Unfortunately there is an extremely limited amount of remaining textile material to investigate, however large-sized Mississippian textiles like those of earlier periods, tend to come in rectangular forms used for skirts, mantles, and blankets. Three-dimensional objects such as bags and pouches are also common. There is a lot more to the manufacturing of textiles than what is found in archaeological sites. Questions remain if this was a task relegated to one gender or whether both participated. Although cultures and societies came and disappeared, often without explanation — types of sophisticated woven textiles were worn right up through the contact period.

Moravian Missionary, David Zeisburger left journals with details of twined clothing being worn only a generation before. He was among the Delaware in Ohio in the mid to late 18th century. Hovey Lake archaeological site in extreme southwest Indiana is a site that was populated from about 1400 to 1700 with remnants of the Angel Mound people. They seem to have continued a tradition of making clothing and using twined textiles to imprint pottery. The interpretation that Cheryl Ann Munson has given of Hovey Lake regarding this issue is stated very clearly on the Hovey Lake website, “Villagers wove a variety of fabric items such as blankets, wraps, skirts, and bags, using yarns spun from plant fibers. Knotted nets were another type of fabric.”

There are few descriptions of this type of clothing being worn by Native people after contact thus again, the lack of evidence to concretely state that the use of plant fibers continued well into the 17th century. There are a few visual pieces that can be interpreted as being made from plant fibers including one by artist John White in 16th century Virginia of a “Religious Man” depicted as wearing a short twined cloak covering the left arm while leaving the right arm exposed. There is substantial evidence to strongly suggest that the basic pre and proto-contact garment worn by females was a wraparound skirt. It is usually described as being knee length and this garment was then transferred to trade cloth by the mid-18th century. Some resources mention native fabric skirts …

Fashion and Extreme Sports

Although it’s still not exactly “mainstream,” extreme sports have become incredibly popular over the last decade or so. Sports like surfing, snowboarding and BMX still don’t draw the crowds that football and baseball do, but they’ve been slowly creeping into the collective consciousness of sports fans everywhere in surprising ways. One area where these sports have had a major influence is in the world of fashion. BMX apparel and other kinds of sports fashion have become very popular not just with extreme athletes, but with people from all walks of life.

From a certain angle, the rise of extreme sports fashion isn’t surprising. Sportswear has always been popular with athletes and non-athletes alike. Not only is sportswear built for comfort, but they fit perfectly with most casual clothing styles in the United States. Sportswear has gone from being strictly for athletes in the early 20th Century to being what most people imagine when they think of casual dress. Fashion designers now regularly incorporate sportswear elements into their work, even in clothing that is not intended to be casual. These days, it’s hard not to go out in public and see people wearing jerseys, baseball caps and other clothing originally designed as sportswear even when there is no sporting event happening. Sportswear has become all-purpose casual wear.

Of course, comfort and a casual look aren’t the only reasons why sports gear has become so popular. As the name implies, extreme sports can be dangerous. Professional skateboarding at the very least requires pads and a helmet, and the right BMX apparel can save BMX bikers from some really nasty injuries. At a glance, this might not mean much to someone who would never step onto a skateboard or BMX bike, but the protection offered by some extreme sports gear can be useful in other situations. The heavy fleece jackets worn by snowboarders are some of the warmest winter jackets available, and the shoes worn by skateboarders can take a beating and last much longer than most sneakers.

Because of the popularity of these high adrenalin sports, many clothing designers have begun to market that extreme sportswear to the mainstream. People are still probably more likely to wear a football jersey than BMX apparel in casual situations, but the growing popularity of sports fashion hasn’t gone unnoticed. Many professional extreme athletes have their own clothing lines now, and it has gotten to the point where many people wear the clothes without having any knowledge of sports. Many just like the clothing itself, which can probably be considered the ultimate victory for any clothing designer.

In the end, the popularity of extreme sports fashion isn’t all that different from the popularity of most other sportswear. Most people ultimately wear things like BMX apparel because it fits in with the casual style of dress that is so popular in the United States. On top of that, most of this clothing is durable as well as stylish. Extreme sports are still seen as a niche, but …

Extreme Couponing, Advantages and Disadvantages

The concepts of getting free products with coupons is to find the product at a price that does not exceed the coupon value, providing the product meets all restrictions on the coupon, such as size and specific product. But, when evaluated, the product is usually a small size that can have more package waste and still not meet the household needs. In this case, money still has to be spent to meet the needs. Or, if it is a product that is not used by the household, it can become waste in efforts to go get it or if it gets thrown out because of nonuse and being too old after time.

Stock piling on products that can be obtained for reasonable or cheap prices is one of the extreme couponing techniques that helps in saving money over the long run. But, if products in the stockpile are not rotated to be used before expiring, or used before spoiling, it becomes waste as they get too old for use. This creates waste when having to be thrown out.

Printing out internet coupons is a good way to save money if the coupons get used. On the other hand, there is waste in paper and ink when excessive amounts of coupons are printed and not used. This is especially true when coupons are printed in hopes of upcoming sales having the products on sale. There is no guarantee of the products being on sale or the particular size of the product listed on the coupon. And, if they are, the coupon may be expired before the product goes on sale.

Extreme couponing is a way to save on the budget, but caution must be used to maximize the savings. Questions should be asked before considering which deals to utilize. Does the household really need the product? Will the product be used in a timely manner to prevent spoilage? If the product is being purchased for the stock pile, how much should be kept to eliminate waste and ensure usage? What is presently in the stock pile as well as the cupboards? Bottom line, will the product be used without waste?

The same goes when determining which coupons to print from the internet. Printing some coupons to be kept just in case is a way to keep savings going. But, how many will be used to minimize the amount that will be thrown out? There is such a thing as printing too many to use, especially if you are unsure as to whether it will be used. Healthy benefits of extreme couponing is to produce savings without creating unnecessary waste.

The general idea of extreme couponing is to save where possible and use the amount saved to reduce expenses and bills in other areas that reduce the overall monthly budget. To truly maximize savings, caution should be used to ensure the savings is not being wasted. Extreme couponing advantages and disadvantages should be considered before any buying decisions are made to ensure …