Sterling Silver and Brass – The Most Common Jewelry Making Metals

If you are going to be making metal jewelry your are going to use sterling silver or brass at some point. Do you know what the difference is between sterling silver and silver? Or what an alloy is? If you are going to use these jewelry making materials for any project, from making brass charms to coin pendants, you should know their characteristics.

First, lets take some time to understand what an alloy is. Both brass and sterling silver are alloys. Alloys consist of two metals in combination, such as sterling silver (silver and copper), are called binary alloys. A combination of three metals-gold, silver, and copper-forms 14-karat gold, is a ternary alloy. There are also 4 metal and 5 metal alloys called quaternary and quinary alloys.

Sterling silver is an alloy created by combining.925 parts if pure silver and.725 parts pure copper. You may sometimes hear about Mexican silver. This is an alloy that is.950 parts pure silver and the rest copper. Both types of silver are subject to oxidation when heated. In normal conditions the alloy (sterling silver) reacts much faster to oxidation than the pure metal (silver). The normal oxide that is produced on the metal when heated is a sulfide film. Other oxides that silver alloys produce are cupric and cuprous, because of the presence of copper in the alloy.

The melting point of sterling silver is 100 degrees less than pure silver at 1640 degrees Fahrenheit. When the metal hardens, it can be returned to a soft working stage by annealing.

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc with the zinc being in percentages anywhere from between 10 to 40 for different degrees of hardness. Though brass is a hard metal, it is extremely malleable. Brass is a yellow color when cool and a salmon color when molten. The melting point of brass ranges from 1600 to 1849 degrees Fahrenheit.

Brass is used for primarily inexpensive jewelry and trophies, especially with the sky rocketing price of gold and silver in today’s market place.

As you use jewelery findings like brass charms, sterling silver bead, brass coin pendants and more you make want to customize them to fit your needs. As your jewelry making skills expand, so will the complexity of you jewelry designs. Even though you will be purchasing prefabricated jewelery findings, you may want to customize them to suite your needs. By understanding their properties, you can do so.

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9 Most Common Engraving Mistakes and Misconceptions About Engraving

Misspelled Name – Always confirm the spelling of names. Don’t rely on your memory. So many names have different spellings. Example: Terry or Teri or Terrie and on and on it goes.

Wrong Date – This is the same as the number 1 mistake. Always get it in writing before we engrave it. Remember, engraving cannot be erased.

Engraving is like Printing – Wrong! Engraving, we are using diamonds to plow the surface, like a farmer plows his fields. Or we use lasers to burn off a layer of the surface of the engraving material. None of these engraving processes are we adding ink to the surface. Note: There are other engraving processes, but diamond drag and laser are the most common.

All metal surfaces can be engraved – The answer is no. A ruff metal surface is almost impossible to see the engraving. The roughness is competing with the engraving. Also, many metal surfaces, especially gifts, are plated. Most of the time plated surfaces will engrave OK. Once in a while they have bad plating. The bad plating is only uncovered when it is engraved. The bad spot, the plating peels up. This only happens about 5% of the time.

Assuming what you have cannot be engraved – We have all taken gifts to an award stores only for them to say, “It can not be engraved.” They are implying that nobody can engrave it. In reality – They can’t engrave it. Many times it can be engraved by another company. One great example is watches. The manufacture loves to put all sorts of markings on the back leaving almost no room for engraving. We get around this by engraving on an arc, many times around the edge.

Engraving is too expensive – Yes, it is too expensive – if you take it to a jewelry store. Most jewelry stores don’t engrave. They send it out. The jewelry store and the engraver both need to make a profit. It is best to go to an engraver first. Save some money. Besides, all your concerns can be given directly to the engraver, not passed on through notes from the jeweler.

Lack of engraving choices – Most small awards and engraving places have limited capabilities. Do your research. Ask what the engraving choices are for your engraving job. Ask for testimonials from the engraver’s customers. If they don’t have any, continue your search for an engraver.

It takes forever to get something engraved – Yes, if you take it to a jewelry store. They have to send it out and the time goes by. Taking your engraving job directly to an engraver cuts out the shipping time between the jeweler and the engraver (both ways). Deal direct!

It can be buffed out and re-engraved – The answer is (yes and no). Solid metals like gold or silver can be buffed out and re-engraved. But most jewelry and gift items are plated. When it is buffed out, the plated surface is removed exposing the …

Common Dating Challenges for Women Over 40

Anybody getting back in the dating world will find they encounter many challenges. But for women over 40, the challenges are different. After all, things have changed since they were in their 20's, when life was more carefree and simple. Here are a few of the most common concerns when entering the dating world.

I'm not a size 4. Will anyone be attracted to me?
If you think like this you need to do the inner work to get to a place of confidence and comfort with who you are. There are many women who are not strikingly beautiful, long or lean and yet they are married to wonderful men who love who they are and how they look. Stop wasting your energy worrying about looking different and start being different! Radiate the essence of who you really are and you will start attracting smart, relationship-minded men who are looking for a sharp, compassionate, fun-loving person like you!

How do I meet singles around my age?
You have to put yourself out there, especially in places that are of interest to you – classes, sporting events, book stores, political organizations, gyms and clubs. Once you're with people, start up a conversation by asking a question, offering an opinion or seeking some kind of help. Be sure to make eye contact, smile and show you are interested in the conversation. You can do that by paraphrasing what's being said and by keeping your body language open and receptive. Remember, nothing gained, nothing lost if you don't meet someone. At the very least, you are socializing and honing your skills!

I can't seem to get past first dates. What am I doing wrong?
You must be doing or saying something that is turning off your dates. See if any of these ring true for you:

Are you coming across too needy or desperate? That would cause your partner to find you unappealing or intimidating.
Are you talking too much? It's always a good idea to limit your responses and be a good listener so you don't dominate the entire conversation.
As a woman, are you offering to pay your way too soon? As a man, are you expecting a woman to pay her own way? Most men feel they want to be in control of the first date and like being generous and chivalrous.
Are you picking a partner who isn't the right "fit" for you?
Are you sending negative vibes about what you don't like about him / her – and your partner senses it?
Is your voice tone or body language cold or stand-offish?
Are you overstepping healthy physical or verbal boundaries without realizing it?
Are you sharing too much about yourself and not leaving anything to your date's imagination?
Are you too negative, cynical or sarcastic about dating and relationships and letting that come across?

Dating should be a fun and exciting experience and if you plan ahead, are aware of what you think and how you feel and …

Where Do Beauty Marks Come From? Some Common Facts Related To Beauty Marks

A beauty mark is a dark mole on the face, neck or shoulder which is considered attractive. If we look at them from a medical point of view, we can find the answer to the question – "where do beauty marks come from"? Beauty spots are usually a melanocytic nevus which is underdeveloped.

You should know that not all moles are considered as "beauty marks". A beauty spot should not measure more than a centimeter and should not protrude out, that is, it should not be a polypoid. The second significant point is that the mark should be symmetrical in nature. Symmetry has a natural appeal to human eyes and looks beautiful. A disproportioned mole is usually not referred to as beauty spot.

A beauty spot is usually located on the face, somewhere on the cheek, or around the lips. They should not be too many in number.

Usually the marks appear on the face within 20 years of age. If someone develops them afterwards they may or may not be favorable. If a beauty mark protrudes out then it is referred to as a mole.

A lot of people prefer to create a beauty spot on their skin, if they do not have one. During the 18th century, creating a false beauty spot on your face became a common fashion statement. False beauty marks can be applied as a form of make-up or can be tattooed.

A common, interesting Greek myth is associated with beauty spots. They say Gods were jealous of those who looked too perfect and hence created a small dark mark on their faces, just to disturb their perfection.

Some celebrities known for their beauty marks are Marilyn Monroe, one of the most sensuous women, who created a vogue for beauty marks during the 19th century. Other celebrities who sport a beauty mark on their face include Madonna, Eva Mendes, Mandy Moore, Demi Moore, Mariah Carey, Molly Sims, Natalie Portman, and Robert DeNiro and how can we miss out Cindy Crawford?

However, beauty of a person does not depend on whether they possess a beauty spot or not. Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder. A lot of women who have beauty marks are found trying to remove them from their faces, while a lot others who do not have one, artificially get them on their faces. It is one's style statement which matters.

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