Technical Writing Trends: Substance vs. Style?

As a technical writer, you strive for Accuracy, Clarity and Readability. But where do you strike the balance? Although the definition of Substance ought not to change, it is influenced by evolving trends in Style.

Substance is, of course, ever the more important part of technical writing. But Style is what keeps the reader awake!

Substance, here, includes Accuracy and Clarity.

Style, here, means smooth, interesting, intelligible – all of which can be lumped in under Readability.

Accuracy no longer has to mean mind-numbingly detailed writing. Clarity, in fact, proscribes that. Readability ensures that the technical information actually gets read. If no one is able to plow through a piece of technical writing, then the information simply does not get out.

No tragedy with an article such as this. But suppose a bridge building crew tossed aside a technical bulletin because it was unreadable. What if the loss of that information caused a locomotive to fall into a ravine, killing hundreds of passengers?

(Of course, one resulting headline pun might read: "Hundreds Die With Style." But you, as a technical writer, would not be writing that one.)

All writing styles evolve over time; technical writing is no exception. Suppose we look at one short piece of an imagined technical article written in what would be an acceptable style in the early 1950s, then in the style of the 1980s and again in what some fear could become the style of the 2010s.

All three styles are describing a right triangle.

Technical Writing Style, circa 1950

The reader will be well acquainted with the fact that the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle is defined by the square root of the summed squares of the other two sides. This quadratic relationship proves that the hypotenuse must always be longer than either the base or the altitude. The length of the hypotenuse can never be as long as the sum of the lengths of both the base and the altitude. These relationships are clearly seen in the following formula:

c-squared = a-squared + b-squared, where:

  • c = the length of the hypotenuse
  • a = the length of one leg (the altitude)
  • b = the length of the other leg (the base)

A right triangle is defined as a triangle where the two legs, or sides, representing the altitude (a) and the base (b) meet at precisely 90 °.

(This style was dull, but still much improved from technical writing of only a decade or so earlier. Requirements imposed by World War II had abruptly changed attitudes. Information had to be accurate. As well, it needed to be clear. Lives often relied on information being understood easily by hastily trained military technicians. But style was still very much a step-child in the technical writing of the 1940s and 1950s.)

Technical Writing Style circa 1980

The length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle (c) is always longer than the length of the altitude (a) or the base (b). However, the length …

6 Must-See Dallas-Fort Worth Shopping Malls

Some of my out-of-town friends ask me which of the DFW malls are the best to visit when they come in for a shopping weekend. That's kind of like asking, "Which of your children do you love the most?"

I like them all.

It's hard for me to choose, since they each have a particular atmosphere, unique combinations of merchants, and even architecture.

Yet my friends would be expecting me to answer their question and help them out. As their friend, I would do my best. So I'm going to do my best for you.

We looked at things like architecture, variety of merchants, number of perimeter stores, but I also considered the "WOW" factor. It's about an experience , not just shopping. So here is our opinion of the 6 must-see shopping center malls of DFW; 3 in the Dallas area and 3 in the Fort Worth area, in no particular order:

Galleria Dallas (Dallas area – Dallas): For sheer "Wow" factor, Galleria Dallas is impressive. Modeled after the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele in Milan, Italy, it's four levels ooze élan and luxury. There are one-of-a-kind high-end stores, but also a good variety of mainstream merchants.

Stonebriar Center (Dallas area – Frisco): Stonebriar may have the most interesting exterior architecture of any shopping center mall in DFW. This open, bright mall has it all, and has the most children's apparel merchants of any other mall.

Town East Mall (Dallas area – Mesquite): Town East is instantly recognizable by its large center structure that covers the center part of this huge shopping mall. Remodeling in 2005 added many stores and updated the interior. Town East resembles a large wheel, with the Food Court its center hub.

Grapevine Mills (Fort Worth area – Grapevine): Grapevine Mills has more merchants than any other shopping mall in DFW – 237 of them! If you can't find it here, it probably isn't made. Wear comfortable shoes, as the rectangular concourse is almost one mile around.

Southlake Town Square (Fort Worth area – Southlake): Although not an enclosed mall, it's uniqueness makes it an experience unlike any other in this list. Southlake Town Square is designed to resemble a small town square, with the stores branching off onto small side streets. The best way to enjoy Southlake Town Square is to park your car, and take your time walking around, soaking it all in.

The Parks at Arlington (Fort Worth area – Arlington): In 2002, The Parks added 400,000 square feet of space, making it one of the largest shopping malls in DFW. More than just a place to shop, The Parks is a place to have fun, with an ice-skating rink, theaters and a carousel ride. Traffic around The Parks can be heavy at times, but the trip is worth it.

There are our top 6 recommendations – now it's time for you to hit the mall trail and have fun!

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How Women in the Legal Field Can Overcome Stress and Anxiety

Everyone in the legal field faces a certain amount of pressure, regardless of the nature of the practice. Those who work as public defenders or paralegals in a criminal law firm may find themselves overwhelmed by the sheer number of cases and clientelle.

Those who work the same positions in the field of immigration will experience various pressures, from monitoring multi-year cases to differentiating the dozens of forms that accompany each case. In addition to the pressures that affect every legal employee, women face their own unique challenges in the workplace.

Women often feel they must prove themselves above and beyond their existing education and experiences. They may also believe they must hide their emotions in order to be taken seriously.

However, there are a couple unique methods of natural stress and anxiety relief that will help women manage their mindsets in the legal field: maintaining a list of strengths and accomplishments, keeping an active social life outside of work, and taking productive lunch breaks.

Maintain List of Strengths and Accomplishments

Maintaining a list of strengths and accomplishments is useful in many ways. For one, it can help an uncertain woman remind herself of her capabilities, especially when faced with criticism from supervisors.

In addition, it can be useful during a routine performance evaluation. Often times, women are afraid to discuss their accomplishments. They may feel a sense of impostor syndrome, or that they are not truly qualified for the positions they are assuming. Thus, the list of strengths and accomplishments will speak for itself when a woman cannot find her own voice.

Keeping an Active Social Life Outside of Work

Keeping an active social life outside of work is critical to stress maintenance. When one's life revolves around work, he or she begins to believe that failure in work equates to failure in life. Pairing each work day with its own extracurricular experiences rids women of the mindset that their work performance specify how valuable they are as members of society.

It should be noted that an active social life is not the only solution to this dilemma. Simply having hobbies such as exercise, shopping, or outdoor activities will enrich an individual's life beyond the workforce.

Taking Productive Lunch Breaks

As women are often convinced that they have to prove their capabilities in the workforce, they may spend their lunch breaks getting ahead on their work assignments. However, this behavior may actually prove detrimental to their overall performance, as they will have had less time away from their screens to recharge.

Taking productive lunch breaks is just as important as taking them in the first place. In a productive lunch break, a woman takes advantage of the full break instead of halving it for the sake of appearances, gets to step away from her desk, and may even go outside to escape the confines of the office for a moment.

Conclusion

Overall, though women do face unique stressors in the workforce, they are fully capable of managing these stressors. …

How to Choose the Right Longboard – Know Your Riding Style and Shape

Choosing the right longboard can be confusing. There are so many different styles, sizes and shapes available and as a beginner it can look overwhelming. Even when you are an intermediate or experienced rider there are many things to choose from.

To make things easy, start with understanding your preferred riding style and the most common shapes. That way you can choose which board you need. The better you understand the styles and the shapes, the simpler it is to choose the right longboard.

What is your longboard riding style?

Cruising and Carving [Beginner]

  • Used for a fun form general-all purpose way of transportation. It is a board that can take wide turns so you feel like you are surfing on concrete. It will get you from A to B and has gentle rides.

Freestyle [ All levels ]

  • This is one of the oldest styles, original used in skateboarding. Freestyle riding involves many technical tricks on a flat surface. It is all about creativity: dancing, goofy riding, sliding, board-tricks, and regular riding. This style is fine for beginners as well as advanced longboarders.

Free ride [Intermediate]

  • This is for performing maneuvers downhill – for example quick sliding in various speeds and technical tricks in quick succession with one another.

Downhill [Advanced]

  • Speed, speed, speed! This style is used to ride down the hill as fast as you can. Bombing the hills and going fast while maintaining control. You are using a crouch position to get more speed. If you are a beginner it is best to take it slow with this style until you gained some more experience.

Which longboard shape should you get?

Based on the style you choose above, you can now look at the shapes. There are 2 general longboard shapes that all designs fall into. Both shapes are for beginners, intermediate and advanced riders.

Directional : these boards are meant to go into one direction: forward. The most popular one is the pintail.

Symmetrical : these boards look the same no matter how you facing it. The back looks the same as the front. These boards are commonly used in free-riding and freestyle.

Boards come in different deck styles for every riding style. Here are the top 3 common deck styles:

  • Cruiser – the board is flat and these are the most popular ones.
  • Drop down – the board is "drops down" between the wheels and is very low to the ground, which makes it very stable – great for cruising and free ride activities.
  • Drop through – the trucks are mounted through the board, which lowers the deck – for long-distance riding, free ride and downhill.

Both directional and symmetrical boards come in these 3 deck styles.As you see, there is some overlap between the shapes and the riding styles. In the end it's your personal choice which one you like best. Many shapes are right.

If possible try a few longboards before buying, so you know which one suits you best. What is …

Online Shopping

So you are in a hurry! Your "To Do" list is through the roof … and you don't know which way to turn.

Many retailers now have an online presence on the web, and it's an online store. This is, according to the majority, is the way to go and many retailers would be very happy to see this as the only way to go. Online shopping is definitely growing in leaps and bounds, In the USA alone many main street retailers have closed hundreds of branches, due entirely to online purchasing.

This is where online shopping becomes a viable proposition … or does it?

The Pro's

1. Save time … logically buying from your home (or the office) is a massive time saver

2. Specials … Most retailers (especially in the Groceries) offer online customers special prices

3. Reduce impulse buying. The old maxim of purchasing groceries after a meal, not before still applies but overall impulse buying online is diminished

4. Prices can easily and quickly be checked with other online retailers. (or use the software available to do this for you)

5. The phenomena of Black Friday and Cyber ​​Monday is now going worldwide and may be a great idea to get that special item at ridiculously low prices. As online purchasing takes center stage we should see coupons, promotions and more become readily available from the online retailer.

Delivery costs could be both good and bad. It is important to factor the cost of delivery in when purchasing online, especially, once again, groceries. The cost of fuel is also a factor; this of course works both ways. Before you buy anything you should do some comparative shopping. Take a photo on your cell phone, enter the price and compare the cost of the identical article online.

The Con's

1. Goods purchased online tend to be more expensive, this may not be in every case but the ability to get a discount online is distinctly a no-no. This is where comparison may make the difference. It is also good to check for any hidden costs.

2. You lose the opportunity to pick your own items, eg fresh vegetables and fruit, feel the texture and try on the item. Sizes may vary from shop to shop, (it is well known that Chinese sizes are very small), colors may not be exactly as per the image and of course you cannot try the item on.

3. In most cases the more you buy the cheaper the delivery charge, but in all probability you will still have to visit the supermarket fairly frequently to buy fresh items, bread, milk etc. This of course raises the question of impulse buying and the cost of the trip.

4. Time is also a factor, how long does it take to get a delivery.

There is of course by now thousands and thousands of online shopping sites on the world wide web. What is interesting is the wide range of pricing for what "appears" …

Women & Chocolate

Sinful is how women has always described chocolate. But despite so, do you know that 99% of all women love chocolate and that they may actually prefer chocolate more to than to sex?

What exactly about chocolate is it so wonderful? Well, in fact it is not just the women who love it but almost everybody would love it too. I believe you enjoy chocolate just as much? It always feels so nice to have it melted in your mouth, delivering its wonderful taste right through your tongue, does it?

Well its wonderful taste aside, chocolate contains phenylethylamine – the same chemical that is released in your brain when you fall in love; leading to that increase in the pounding of your heart, feeling of a sudden gush of excitement. "Love Chemical" is what some would call it. It is also believed by researcher that phenylethylamine in turn causes the brain to release mesolimbic dopamine in the pleasure centers of the brain, another chemical where its presence is at peak during an orgasm.

Nevertheless, the sweetness from chocolate also triggers the release of endorphins. Think about those blissful feeling you had after a wonderful session of lovemaking. That is the effect from the production of endorphins in your body. Perhaps that is why some women actually remarked that they felt a feeling of elation when eating chocolate.

Well, a perfect gift for your love, chocolate will be. Just like buying roses during Valentine's Day, chocolate can never go wrong. In fact, the both could be the best combination ever. Do you know that roses also contain the "Love Chemical", Phenylethylamine? That explains for its distinct scent.

Giving of chocolate, as gifts of love has been long popular in Japan since the late 1950s. A bit different though; During Valentine's Day, the ones doing the giving are the women instead and usually, chocolates were sent as gifts to confess their love for that special guy. Heart-shaped chocolates would usually be given. To nevertheless balance out this unique custom, "White Day" was later invented in Japan. On 14th of March it falls, one month after Valentine's Day exactly. During this day, guys who received the chocolate will be given the chance to reciprocate their valentine gifts with soft, fluffy marshmallows. This would be the happiest day for girls who receive their fluffy gifts. Isn't it so lovely?

Well, giving of chocolate as a gift of love has today, definitely become more and more popular. Along with the greeting card, your message of love will be delivered. Filled with your most genuine love, each chocolate will contain. Melting one's heart as they melt in the mouth, warming up their heart as sweetness run through their tongue.

Why not send some to your loved ones today, brightening up their day with a chocolate so full of love.

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3 Facts About Why You Should Use Product Comparison Shopping

In business, product comparison shopping refers to the comparison of various prices of specific products sold by different business traders. In the past, it was very easy for an individual to compare prices of products. This can be attributed to the lack of competition on the trading market and particularly because very few stores were involved in the sale of the same products. Today, the story is very different because there are many stores which are involved in the sale of the same products. Therefore, the need to compare prices has become more important than before. If you are not sure about the facts that are associated with price comparison shopping, the following facts about it may prove to be helpful.

One of the most notable facts about product comparison shopping is that it is usually provided by a second party, who is usually not even involved in the trading business. If the list of the products is published on a frequent basis, the retailers who are interested in having their products published will be required to submit their list of products to the publisher. The list will also include the prices corresponding to each product that the retailer has submitted. If the reader is interested in any of the products that are present on the list, one can use the guide for purchasing the product directly from the source.

Another notable fact about product comparison shopping is that it may not always be free. In the past, the providers of this service had been able to earn a lot of money by charging retailers whose products were on the list. However, the story has changed today due to the coming of free platforms for comparing the prices of products. For most people, comparing prices of specific products is done for free. The coming of the internet has also had a huge bearing on the availability of this service. For example, there are certain web browsers that have inbuilt product comparison platforms. These are accessible to any person who has a web browser installed on their computer. Nowadays, there is even software for comparing prices of specific products. Some of these computer programs can go as far as retrieving data directly from the site of every retailer. In this case, the retailer is expected to make changes to the product list as well as to the prices of the products on the list after a specific period of time has elapsed.

The main goal of product comparison shopping is to enable the customer to buy goods at much lower prices. Being able to compare the prices of various goods makes it easy for a customer to buy the products whose prices they are comfortable with. Sometimes it is even possible to deduce whether some products are genuine or not, by simply looking at their price tags. This is because all products are expected to be tagged with prices that fall within a certain price range. Therefore, products with a price …

Do Women Like Sex Toys? 7 Things Every Man Ought to Know About Your Girl (and Her Toys!)

What kind of sex toys to women really like? What would a woman use a sex toy … when she can have sex with any man she wants, any TIME she wants? Do women masturbate as much as men do? If not … why not? Can a woman have an orgasm with a sex toy, faster than during sex? What type of toys are most common? Will buying a sex toy for my girlfriend, wife or partner turn her on … Or will it be wildly inappropriate?

Any of these questions sound familiar? If you are anything like the vast majority of men who enjoy our articles on sex, lust, love and relationships, the topic of sex toys and girls has no doubt come up for you more than once, right? (no pun intended, too)! The truth is, while women love sex as much as men do, it's much more difficult for a woman to have an orgasm from sex. Why? Because girls have a much different sexual response cycle than men do, and our most sensitive sexual spots are often buried more deeply in our bodies than men can reach on their own.

Want some quick facts about women and sexual aids? Let's take a look at 7 little known facts below!

Here are some random thoughts about women, vibrators, sex toys and things that turn her on when she's NOT with a partner. (and sometimes, when she is as well)

1. The vast majority of women do masturbate. (not as much as guys do, it's true)
2. Women DON'T use vibrators to play … As much as they use nothing at all. (just her hands, guys – she's easy!)
3. Many women enjoy sex toys as part of an easy way to spice up a relationship and have better sex to boot!
4. Some women don't want to discuss what they do in private, either … As this can still be a topical taboo.
5. Buying a sex toy may seem like a good and romantic idea, but in truth, it's probably NOT what she really wants as a gift. Why? Because while some women might disagree with this, what she does in her alone time is probably best selected BY her, for herself. (even though many women do enjoy sharing these sorts of intimate experiences with their partners)
6. The vast majority of women can have an orgasm from a sexual aid of any type. While it's not nearly as "open" a conversation in public as men's habits are, some surveys show that upwards of 90% of women can achieve orgasm from self gratification, and most can (and frequently do)! Have multiple orgasms from the same activity.
7. Lastly, there are 2 different types of orgasms that are common while using sexual "props" or toys. The first is a sequential orgasm, which is a form of multiple orgasm where one quickly follows the other. The second type, called a "serial" orgasm, is more commonly found amongst women …

Boho Summer Style: What's Bohemian Fashion And How to Style It Rightly?

Boho-chic is one style of fashion for women drawing on different bohemian dresses and hippie styles; it is about looking natural and character. Long flowing dresses, headbands, the Lennon glasses, and the hippie style of look are the best style this year.

What's Bohemian Style?

Essentially, the bohemian style of dressing symbolizes the unstructured ethos of the hippie lifestyle. The hippie trend emphasized an eco-friendly connectedness to our nature, and natural fabrics like cotton and cheesecloth, together with floaty designs and fabrics, reflected the ideals.

Signature Bohemian Outfits

Bohemian style and outfits are actually grounded in an idea to have the freedom to the layer and to combine various clothing items that will reflect your character. Even though the emphasis is mainly on a wide use of the free-flowing patterns with very light fabrics, it isn't to an exclusion of everything else. Actually, when we talk about boho clothing adding fitted (like stretch vest top and leggings), hardly serves to emphasis looser cut of any other items. Obviously, the oversized outfit is a must.

Fabrics Good For the Boho Clothing

To keep up with the natural tone of earth-loving ethos, some of the natural materials include fabric for the boho chic style. Cool linens, light cotton, and hemp are good alternatives and fabrics that emphasize floaty ethereal appearance, including lace, chiffon, or silk. The semi-natural look of faux fur also adds more to your style, and, suede and leather are a fabulous choice for jackets and coats, boots and shoes, and accessories like bags and belts for this summer fashion .

Colors Embody Boho Look

Emphasis on the natural tone also has impact on the main color choice for boho dresses . The autumnal earth tones like rich tan, deep browns or charcoal black are present, with the cool neutrals such as delicate taupe and beige, white and cream making one of the best appearances. However, that does not mean the bright colors will be left out altogether. By adding a touch of radiance with the jewel-toned hat or scarf will make the real statement, and giving an impact to natural contrast of other tones.

Choosing Best Designs For the Boho Clothing

One defining feature of boho clothing is its layering. You are wearing the combination of various clothing items, and with emphasis on overall layered effect, instead of drawing more attention to a particular article. It means you have to choose the clothes that will match well, and without one article stands out. Besides choosing plain clothing, you have to ensure that your patterns are subtle and small.

The little floral or classic millefleurs both are good options or you can go for the delicate polka dots and subtle pinstripes. The ethnic prints will bring the beautiful ambiance to any look but do not go overboard with print. One needs to understand the different options, like ikat prints, are the best choice instead of something bold and big.

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Why Women Cannot Orgasm Through Intercourse

Orgasm is vital to men, so it is assumed to be equally vital for women.

(1) A woman is impregnated regardless of orgasm

Male orgasm triggers ejaculation, which is needed for reproduction. A woman cannot ejaculate because she lacks the male glands. Since ovulation occurs automatically, there is no reason for a woman to orgasm at any time.

(2) Women need emotional factors to be amenable to intercourse

Men are aroused by intercourse regardless of emotional factors. This is because orgasm occurs as a result of psychological arousal and physical stimulation. An erotic stimulus causes arousal regardless of emotional circumstances. Women are not aroused by opportunities for intercourse because there is nothing erotic about being impregnated. The emotional environment of rape is certainly very different to consensual intercourse. But the physical stimulation of rape is not so different. It is not possible for an act that causes women so much distress to also cause sexual arousal.

(3) Women are meant to be unresponsive with a lover

Women's reproductive role is to co-operate with intercourse until a man ejaculates. If women could orgasm through their own efforts or if they were motivated to stimulate a lover (by hand or by mouth), intercourse would be less likely and reproduction therefore less successful. Men think women should always want intercourse. When women find intercourse unarousing, they assume that there must be something wrong with them. But intercourse is only erotic from a male (penetrator) perspective.

(4) Intercourse is totally defined by male responses

No one can orgasm within time constraints that are determined by another person's orgasm. The stimulation of intercourse starts with male erection and ends with male ejaculation. A receiver of intercourse (the person being penetrated) cannot achieve orgasm from stimulation that is provided for an indeterminate length of time. Intercourse relies only on the male penetrator being aroused (having an erection). A receiver never needs to be aroused.

(5) Orgasm ends sexual activity that is focused on achieving it

Any activity that culminates in orgasm, naturally ends once a person has achieved orgasm. This explains why men lose interest in continuing sexual activity once they have had an orgasm. If women were as responsive as men, then logically for about half the time sexual activity would end with a woman's orgasm. But for reproductive reasons, a woman has to be willing to allow intercourse to continue until a man ejaculates.

(6) Women orgasm much less frequently than men do

Orgasm does not occur like pressing a button. Each person experiences orgasm with a specific frequency. Women orgasm on average once every two weeks regardless of age. Men orgasm much more frequently than women. It is not possible for a woman to orgasm every time a man does.

(7) Women need more time to orgasm than men do

Men masturbate to orgasm within 1 minute or so. Intercourse may be more satisfying but the stimulation is more indirect. So it takes them longer. Most men (three-quarters of them) orgasm on average …